Thermal energy is transferred from one molecule to another during conduction. The molecules that are in contact with each other transfer their heat energy to each other. The heat energy is transferred from the hot molecules to the cold molecules. The molecules that are far from each other do not transfer their heat energy to each other.
Other related questions:
Q: How is thermal energy transferred in conduction?
A: Thermal energy is transferred in conduction by the movement of heat particles (or atoms) from one molecule to another. The heat particles vibrate and collide with other molecules, transferring some of their energy to them. The more molecules there are in a material, the better it conducts heat.
Q: What are 3 ways thermal energy can be transferred conduction?
A: 1. By direct contact – when two objects are in contact with each other, heat can be transferred from the hotter object to the cooler object.
2. By convection – when a hot fluid (liquid or gas) comes into contact with a cooler object, heat is transferred from the fluid to the object.
3. By radiation – heat can be transferred through empty space by thermal radiation.
Q: How is thermal energy transferred during convection?
A: Thermal energy is transferred during convection by the movement of hot fluids or gases. The hot fluids or gases rise and the cooler fluids or gases sink. This movement causes the transfer of heat from the hot fluids or gases to the cooler fluids or gases.