-The amount of energy the electron has
-The distance between the energy levels
-The strength of the electromagnetic field
The closer the energy levels are together, the easier it is for the electron to jump between them. The stronger the electromagnetic field, the easier it is for the electron to jump between the levels.
Other related questions:
Q: How do electrons jump energy levels?
A: Electrons can jump energy levels by either absorbing or releasing energy. For example, an electron could absorb a photon of energy and jump from a lower energy level to a higher energy level. Alternatively, an electron could release energy by jumping from a higher energy level to a lower energy level.
Q: What happens when an electron jumps to a higher energy level?
A: When an electron jumps to a higher energy level, it emits a photon.
Q: What are the energy levels of an atom?
A: The energy levels of an atom are the different energy levels that an atom can have.
Q: What must happen for an electron to fall to a lower energy level?
A: In order for an electron to fall to a lower energy level, it must lose energy. This can happen through various means, such as collisions with other particles or photons, or by emitting a photon.