When the temperature of a gas decreases, the particles have less energy. As the particles slow down, they bump into each other more often. This collision causes the particles to stick together, forming a liquid. The process of condensation releases latent heat, which is the energy needed to change the state of a substance.
Other related questions:
Q: What happens to the kinetic energy of particles during condensation?
A: When a substance condenses, the molecules slow down and their kinetic energy decreases.
Q: What happens to kinetic energy of molecules of a gas during condensation?
A: When a gas condenses, the molecules slow down and lose kinetic energy.
Q: What energy change occurs during condensation?
A: The change in energy during condensation can be either positive or negative, depending on the specific situation. If the temperature of the surrounding environment is lower than the temperature of the vapor, then the vapor will lose energy as it condenses. This will result in a net decrease in energy for the system. If, on the other hand, the temperature of the surrounding environment is higher than the temperature of the vapor, then the vapor will gain energy as it condenses. This will result in a net increase in energy for the system.
Q: What is condensation kinetic energy?
A: The condensation kinetic energy is the energy associated with the movement of molecules during the condensation process.